Parkinson’s disease is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects movement. The common features of Parkinson’s are tremor, shaking usually of hands or fingers, slowed movements, rigid muscles, odd and imbalanced posture, loss of automatic movements, changes in speech and writing.
Hand’s may tremor even at resting position, eating, walking and every other action becomes very slow, posture may become stooped , stiff muscles cause pain and hinder movement, automatic movements such as blinking, smiling becomes difficult, speech becomes unclear, monotone and without any inflections and writing may become very small and illegible.
Apathy, depression, constipation, sleep behavior disorders, loss of sense of smell and cognitive impairment are other non-movement problems which contribute to the illness. All these changes in the physical and mental state of the individual are very difficult to handle and manage.
Through medication problems can be managed and deterioration can be slowed down but a complete recovery solution is not available. Therefore, neuropsychological rehabilitation, lifestyle modifications, family support, environmental and infrastructural facilities plays a significant role in the management of the illness.